Transdermal Pain Medications- Results of the OPERA Study

Topical/Transdermal Analgesics Topical or transdermal analgesics are medications that are used to help control pain by applying them to the surface of tissues rather than taking them by mouth, injection, or other route. Topical analgesics have man...

Spinal Cord Stimulation with Surgical Paddle Lead Placement

Overview Spinal cord stimulation (also called SCS) uses electrical impulses to relieve chronic pain of the back, arms and legs. It is believed that electrical pulses prevent pain signals from being received by the brain. SCS candidates include peo...

Where Does Neck Pain Begin?

  Overview Neck pain is a common problem that severely impacts the quality of your life. It can limit your ability to be active. It can cause you to miss work. Many different causes may lead to pain in your neck. About the Cervical Spine Let&...

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

  Overview Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative arthritis, is a gradual breakdown of cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is a tough, flexible connective tissue that protects the ends of bones in the joints. Osteoarthritis is common in the ...

(XLIF) Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Overview Unlike traditional back surgery, XLIF® is performed through the patient’s side. By entering this way, major muscles of the back are avoided. This minimally-invasive procedure is generally used to treat leg or back pain caused by deg...

(TLIF) Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Overview TLIF is generally used to treat back or leg pain caused by degenerative disc disease. The surgeon will stabilize the spine by fusing vertebrae together with bone graft material. Incision Made The procedure is performed through one or more...

Cervical Posterior Foraminotomy

Overview This surgery creates more space for a compressed spinal nerve in your neck. The procedure relieves painful pressure caused by a herniated or degenerative disc. Preparation In preparation for the procedure, you are anesthetized. You are pl...

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